Development status of PCB industry
1. Development status of China's PCB industry
At present, the development of the global PCB industry has entered a relatively stable development period, and seven major production centers have been formed, including Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, the United States, Germany and southeast Asia. Asia accounts for 79.7 percent of the global GDP.Due to its advantages in industrial distribution and manufacturing costs, China has become the world's most important production base for printed circuit boards. In 2013, the output value of Chinese circuit boards accounted for more than 44.2% of the global total output value.
In the past 20 years, China's PCB industry has developed rapidly through the introduction of foreign advanced technology and equipment.In 2002, China's PCB output exceeded that of Taiwan and became the third largest PCB output country in the world.In 2003, China's PCB output value and import and export value both exceeded 6 billion us dollars, becoming the second largest PCB output country in the world.In 2006, China surpassed Japan for the first time, becoming the world's largest PCB manufacturing base, and became the world's largest PCB producer for five consecutive years.In 2010, China's PCB output grew rapidly to 18.5 billion us dollars and the global share increased to 35.3 percent.In 2011, the total global PCB output value reached us $55.409 billion, and China's PCB output growth remained stable, with the global PCB share rising to 39.8%.In 2012, the global PCB industry was affected by the global economic weakness, and the growth rate slowed down. China's PCB output still accounted for a high global market share.As the economy recovers, it will continue to grow from 2013 to 2016.
2. Development status of the global PCB industry
Since the mid 1950s, PCB technology has been widely used.At present, PCB has become the "mother of electronic products", and its application is almost permeated in various terminal fields of the electronic industry, including computers, communications, consumer electronics, industrial control, medical instruments, defense industry, aerospace and other fields.In the future, with the development of a new generation of information technology industry, new electronic products such as smart phones, automotive electronics, LED, IPTV and digital TV will emerge, and the use and market of PCB products will continue to expand.
In recent years, the global PCB industry as a whole has been growing steadily.Affected by the global financial crisis in 2009, the PCB output value fell down. In 2010, with the gradual improvement of the global macro economy, the PCB industry began to recover. The annual output value reached 52.468 billion us dollars, up 27.33% sharply from 2009.
3. Development status of the American PCB industry
The industry structure of American PCB also tends to be hardboard production, with more than 70% of hardboard production, higher proportion in high-rise board production than in Japan and Taiwan, 21% in 12 to 20 laminated boards, 13% in 22 laminated boards, 30% in total, and 17% in 4 to 10 laminated boards.In the field of soft board and hard board, America's main manufacturer is multi-finelineelectronix, which is mainly composed of soft board. Its products are widely used.
In terms of product applications, PCB manufacturers in the United States take mobile PCB as the most important application product, accounting for 26%. Multi-fineline is the representative manufacturer of mobile software board, and Multek produces HDI board for mobile phones.The secondary products of the U.S. PCB industry are telecommunications equipment related applications and computer related products applications, accounting for 19% and 18% respectively. TTMTechnologies,Inc., is the major supplier of communications infrastructure applications in the United States.In addition, the United States is also one of the major suppliers of PCB for server use. Among the global PCB suppliers for server use, the top one and the top two are all American manufacturers, and American manufacturers account for more than 40% of the global market.In addition, the American PCB industry also has considerable investment in automobile, medical and military PCB boards.According to the research report on the market analysis and investment prospects of China's PCB circuit board industry 2016-2022 released by industry information network, the number of American PCB enterprises in the top 100 has been shrinking in recent years.It is expected to remain unchanged or decline slightly over the next few years.
Problems and countermeasures for the development of China's circuit board industry
From the above analysis, it can be seen that China's PCB industry has experienced over 20 years of rapid development from the middle and late 1980s to the present. It has experienced three stages of development with the state-owned economy, sino-foreign joint ventures and foreign-owned enterprises as the mainstream, and has made remarkable achievements.China's PCB industry truly occupies a mainstream position in the world.
With the rapid development of IT industry and electronic whole machine manufacturing invested in China by all countries in the world, PCB enterprises from all over the world have also invested in China on a large scale. China's PCB manufacturing has become a world-class scale, and its output and output have ranked among the top in the world.In particular, the price of low and middle grade PCB has a strong competitiveness. As the whole machine develops towards high performance and miniaturization, the production of high difficulty PCB is also increasing.In the near future, Chinese PCB will occupy an important position in the world.
However, we have to admit that there is a gap between the size of enterprises and the level of r&d and production technology in China's PCB industry compared with that in developed countries abroad.Specifically, China's PCB industry faces the following challenges:
First, r&d and production technologies are relatively backward.With the rapid development of electronic technology and the continuous expansion of the market demand for "short, small, light and thin" electronic products, the PCB product technology must be rapidly improved, and the demand for high multilayer, fine line and fine hole and rapid transmission of PCB is increasing.For each manufacturer, this means that there must be a large amount of capital investment, and the ability of technicians and the overall technical strength of the enterprise can be greatly improved.In the face of these challenges, the manufacturer not only actively carries out the talent reserve, strengthens the personnel training and the training work, hoped that the government from the cultivation constructs own world class enterprise Angle, gives certain policy support and the support to the enterprise.At the same time, the government should invest funds to independently establish research institutions or cooperate with representative enterprises to carry out research on cutting-edge technologies of PCB and provide services and support for domestic enterprises in new technologies.
Secondly, the industry is in chaos and vicious competition is serious.At present, in the production and operation of general products, the industry is confronted with serious and vicious competition caused by unbalanced development, irrational investment and rapid expansion. The profit level drops and the profitability is poor, which will seriously affect the healthy development of the industry.Based on this, it is suggested that each manufacturer, based on their own actual situation, actively improve their own technical ability or make full use of and give full play to their own advantages, build their own core competitiveness with special features and avoid the vicious competition at a lower level.
Third, the strict environmental protection requirements of the international community are the major challenges facing China's PCB industry.Chinese PCB enterprises, mostly small and medium-sized enterprises, have not been able to keep up with the demand of users in terms of mastering and improving lead-free technology.In the face of various types of lead-free technologies and large differences in users' demands, every manufacturer needs to invest in many aspects, which leads to the increase of investment cost, technical adaptation and difficulty in technical management.Only through more detailed professional division of labor and cooperation can enterprises in the industry better and more effectively eliminate this impact.
Finally, the rising prices of raw materials and the falling prices of downstream electronics have severely compressed the profits of the intermediate PCB industry.Facing the severe living space, enterprises should increase the investment in technology and research and development, master the core technology of PCB production, and change the simple profit model.